Share on facebook
Share on twitter
Share on linkedin

Kotlin VS Java What’s the Difference?

Kotlin and Java are both two extremely popular programming languages. Especially in the world of Android development, you’ll see that the two completely dominate. If you’re looking to develop Android apps, and get a position in this vast field, then it’s vital that you know the differences between Kotlin and Java. On the other hand, Kotlin is a relatively new programming language that has been gaining popularity in recent years. Both languages are used to build applications for the Java Virtual Machine , but they differ in terms of syntax, features, and performance.

Why use Kotlin instead of Java

As you can see, this saves us a lot of time and a lot of headaches when running our code down the line. The really important takeaway is that the time taken to run this coroutine was only ~1000 milliseconds, even though we ran return100Delayed() 3 times. This is because these three async functions are running at the same time; they aren’t waiting for each other. The coolest part about Kotlin’s coroutines is that they make coding asynchronously very much like coding synchronously.

Kotlin vs Java — An Ultimate Comparison With Examples

The arrival of Java 8 has made life easier for Android developers as support was finally extended for lambdas, but there are still limitations when it comes to features. Kotlin, on the other hand, is a lot more developer-friendly as it allows variables to be able to store functions for later use. This makes it a better alternative for developers searching for a language that is simple to learn and helps them to create apps more quickly.

Applications such as Netflix, Hybris, Apple TV, and ATG are developed using Java. Java comes with ample documentation and learning resources, that make it easy to learn for both experienced and newbies. However, the performance of Kotlin code is a little slower than Java due to the availability of a plethora of features.

make Android Studio Work with Java and not Kotlin?

Java is more limited to the concept of object-oriented programming. Thus, Kotlin’s developers do not require to catch or declare exceptions. Java enables the creation of multiple background threads when handling lengthy operations. NullPointerExceptions – enables developers to attribute a null value to any variable. Typically, a question mark (?) in code is considered a wildcard, which suggests an unknown type . Public fields (also known as non-private fields) are available in Java.

Why use Kotlin instead of Java

However, there are numerous factors at play when it comes to choosing between the two Android App Development languages. You may have heard developers discussing the merits of and differences between two popular programming languages – Java and Kotlin. As a statically typed programming language, Kotlin makes use of a range of function types for representing functions. Moreover, it comes with a set of specialized language constructs, such as the lambda expressions.

Why use Java/Kotlin instead Python on Android? [closed]

One of the most significant differences between Kotlin and Java is the syntax. Kotlin has a more concise syntax than Java, which means that it requires less code to perform the same operations. In conclusion, the debate over which language is better is not straightforward and will probably result in exciting discussions. Moreover, there are more aspects to consider than only the languages’ differences, such as the language the companies are using and how comfortable developers feel with Kotlin or Java. On the one hand, Kotlin does not provide support for implicit widening conversions. Therefore, smaller types cannot be converted to bigger types.

Why use Kotlin instead of Java

The language is very popular and has a great deal of community support, as well as many career opportunities. Java is frequently used in the sectors of banking, financial services, big data, and retail stores. Kotlin is a cross-platform, statically typed, general-purpose language developed by JetBrains.

Key Differences Between Kotlin and Java

Kotlin is a preferred choice of mid-sized organizations and startups to build full-fledged Android applications. Kotlin is used as a base for most of the applications in the Google Play Market. Kotlin comes from Russia, and a large chunk of Russian coders have formed the core of the Kotlin community. Kotlin developer community is still in evolving phase and currently, it is 20 times smaller than Java’s developer community. Here the performance is quite good because the code compilation is done to ByteCode . Java also offers some additional features that make its performance better than Kotlin.

Why use Kotlin instead of Java

It provides clean APIs to incorporate additional features in apps. It is a type-heavy language, which means you must write more code, which increases the chances of bugs. Java applications are compact and light, which offers a blazing fast experience.

What is Kotlin?

In an object oriented language, null type values have always been an issue. This issue comes in the form of a Null Pointer Exception when you’re trying to use the contents of a null value. In my opinion, lambda functions won’t be used much aside from using them as callback methods. Even though lambda functions have so many more uses, readability issues make it less desirable.

  • However, Kotlin steers clear of this problem – all thanks to its inherent null-safety feature.
  • Coroutines are basically light-weight threads that excel in short non-blocking tasks.
  • But if you must store null values, you can do so using a ‘?
  • If your focus is Android development, then you are better off learning Kotlin first.
  • They aim to reduce the amount of the boilerplate code you need for regular model classes, and they do a really good job of that.
  • Java was the first object-oriented programming language in widespread use and is a powerful language with many advanced features.

Although both Java and Kotlin offer almost similar speeds of coding, Java offers more coding processes than Kotlin. It allows developers to spend less time thinking of a solution. It ensures your developers don’t need to worry about transforming your existing code to the new language.

Kotlin vs Java: Head to Head Comparison

All you need to do before using the Kotlin extensions is add a plugin in the build.gradle file . Android applications such as Pinterest, Coursera, Evernote, and Trello are developed using Kotlin. Java supports popular instruments for BigData like HBase and Hadoop. Technology organizations working on HDFS, MapReduce, and high-load servers prefer to use Java. Kotlin is a comparatively new kid on the block, but it is gaining unprecedented momentum.